Dr kwong chi man, assistant professor, history department, hong kong baptist university. A modern history of hong kong my perception is that there arent many good indepth histories of hk in english. Air pollution is killing 1 million people and costing chinese. Deteriorating air quality has resulted in significant impacts on human health and environment in asia. I read this a couple of years ago and thought it was pretty good. May 23, 2019 in 2016, he paired up with the singaporebased brewery tiger beer to create street art and murals using airink in hong kongs sheung wan district. Aside from demands for full democracy, hong kong pollution has become the citys hotbutton issue. Oct 02, 2018 air pollution levels in your street revealed with new hong kong app praisehk the data analysed came from air quality and meteorological modelling, emissions inventories and 150 types of. Furthermore, it comes in 14 different colors and panels so you can always find. Air pollution making nhs winter crisis worse, doctors tell pm. If you or your family members suffer from heart problems or respiratory illnesses, you should think carefully about the effect that hong kong s pollution may have on your health. Scientists started investigating the link between air pollution and health.
After deng xiaoping took over and assigned hong kong an importent role as a gate to the west, hong kong started booming. Effectiveness of green infrastructure for improvement of air. Air hong kong is the longest serving dedicated freighter airline based in hong kong. Beautiful hong kong skyline smothered by smog youtube. Bellis gives us old hong kong as it actually was, and reveals more hidden stories in the collection than just the ratbins. The air quality indicator light always reflects the realtime purity of the rooms air in an easytoread display. View air quality indices of other locations around the world in a beautiful material design app. Environmental issues and air quality in hong kong hachette book. In 2004, low visibility occurred 18 per cent of the time, the highest on record, according to the hong kong observatory. I have been planning on an asia trip and wanted to tick hk off my bucket list. May 30, 2018 dung kaicheung on inventing hong kong stories history is not fiction, nor fiction history.
Air pollution keeps hong kong in 28th place in expat. According to the centrerun system of air quality and weather forecasting and research safar, the measures against covid19 have led to a. Formaldehyde who guidelines for indoor air quality. As chinas xi jinping consolidates power, owners of hong kong bookstores trafficking in banned books find. Its something you need to be aware of whether youre moving to. Hong kong was destabilized by the cultural revolution in china. True stories of adventure, miracles, and evangelism from china. Mar 24, 2018 based on prevailing numerical forecasting models community multiscale air quality cmaq model, comprehensive air quality model with extensions, and nested air quality prediction modeling system and observations from monitoring stations in hong kong, we employ a set of autoregressive integrated moving average arima models with numerical forecasts arimax to improve the forecast of air. Occupied by the uk in 1841, hong kong was formally ceded by china the following year. Also, oceangoing vessels ogvs have been required to switch to compliant fuel while at berth in hong kong since 1 july 2015. Air pollution is a chronic problem in hong kong and one which the government seems unable or unwilling to get a handle on, instead they wag their fingers at the smokebelching factories across the border in guangdong. Originally a chinese military fort, the walled city became an enclave after the new territories were leased to the uk by china in 1898. Air quality and pollen information for over 180 countries in the world.
The gaia air quality monitoring stations are using hightech laser particle sensors to measure in realtime pm2. The pollution is most visible in the haze that frequently blankets the city, occasionally blocking the view across victoria harbour. The book explores hong kong as a place with a unique identity, yet also a crossroads where chinese history, british colonial history, and world history intersect. Visibility is less than eight kilometres for 30 per cent of the year. I will be visiting hong kong for the first time in october. Most printing companies in hong kong are smallscale companies. Thick smog choked hong kong s victoria harbour, hiding what on other days is an impressive spectacle of sea, hills, and skyline. Hong kongs environmental problems and solutions 1209 words. You can also check the air quality index of other locations and cities worldwide with this easy to use pollution meter app. Initially, participation in the air scouts was limited to students of the wan yan college. Pursuant to an agreement signed by china and the uk on 19 december 1984, hong kong became the hong kong special administrative region of the peoples republic of china on 1 july 1997. It is because the environmental quality is indirectly linking to the image of hong kong. I think there is definitely room for more scholarship and writi.
The international maritime organization imo currently allows the sulphur content of bunker fuel to be 3. Environmental issues and air quality in hong kong hachette. The history and principles of chinas most explosive martial art. The risk of death for people with mental and behavioural disorders rises sharply on days when air pollution reaches toxic peaks, a major study in hong kong has found. This book provides a comprehensive and comparative assessment of the current status and challenges in urban air pollution management in 20 cities in the asian region. An air quality index aqi is used by government agencies to communicate to the public how polluted the air currently is or how polluted it is forecast to become. Nov 15, 2019 air quality index near me air quality index near me uses your gps location to determine the levels of air pollution at the closest available air quality measuring station. Find out how we leverage our unparalleled residential dealer network and worldclass commercial support services to lead the industry. The return to china formally, no treaty forced the british to also return hong kong island and kowloon in 1997. In hong kong sar, formaldehyde was measured in 422 airconditioned offices. Very easy to set up, they only require a wifi access point and a usb power supply.
Best hong kong travel guide books 2020 for travelers. Declining regional air quality means visibility has also decreased dramatically. Hong kong, ore more precisely the hong kong special administrative region hksar, is located at the south coast of china near the pearl river delta which helped make it become the center of business and center it is now. We support air quality index aqi checks using the air visual api in over 60 countries including. The china ministry environment pollution departement pm10 data is used for all other cities in china. Rather apologetic on the british side, but if youve read plenty of other books condemning the opium wars, this is an impressive, thorough history that provides a bit of balance but read with a pinch of salt. So 2 concentration has decreased significantly after the introduction of fuel quality restriction in 1990. The region of hong kong has been inhabited since the old stone age, later becoming part of the chinese empire with its loose incorporation into the qin dynasty 221206 bc. Before visiting a place ive never been before, i like to read books that are set there. The air cargo tariff and rules tact provides air cargo professionals with the comprehensive information they require to efficiently transport air cargo worldwide. Based on the publicly available historical air quality data, the mean. Air pollution remains a clear, modifiable public health concern. You can find worldclass italian, french, japanese, and indian food as well as various styles of chinese gourmet cuisine.
Browse the amazon editors picks for the best books of 2019, featuring our. Since the air quality health index aqhi issued by hong kong environmental protection department is not comparable to other regions in the world, weather underground of hong kong refers to the air quality index aqi issued by u. The qing dynasty ceded hong kong to the british empire in 1842 through the treaty of nanjing, ending the first opium war. Past air quality monitoring data past 24 hours pollutant concentration no 2, o 3, so 2, co, pm10rsp, pm2. System upgrade on tue, may 19th, 2020 at 2am et during this period, ecommerce and registration of new users may not be available for up to 12 hours. Now explore hong kong s rich history and colourful characters through these 10 books that everyone should read about hong kong, set in hong kong. Once connected, air pollution levels are reported instantaneously and in realtime on our. In a narrow sense, where facts are verifiable, we have to defend history from fiction.
Hong kong came in 28th in a global ranking of the most liveable cities for asian expatriates retaining roughly the same spot for three straight years due to its failure to address poor air. Kowloon walled city was an ungoverned, densely populated settlement in kowloon city, hong kong. Keen to learn about hong kongs fascinating indigenous history and clan culture. At york, comfort is more than a feeling its a promise. Having studied some of chinas environmental issues, we now turn to the issues facing hong kong. Starting out as a farming fishing village and salt production site, it became an important free port and eventually a major international financial centre the qing dynasty ceded hong kong to the british empire in 1842.
From the first reconnaissance flights over hong kong by lone pilots in 1942 to the massive multisquadron air strikes of 1945, he describes the complex history of american air operations in the china theater and paints an indelible portrait of the american air raids on hong kong and the airmen who were shot down over the city. Chinese people and british rule in hong kong, 18411880 echoes. In france, in the frame of the international study on asthma and allergies in childhood isaac, formaldehyde was measured in 1999 in 401 classrooms in 108 schools located in 6 cities strasbourg. Find the top 100 most popular items in amazon books best sellers. Discover the best hong kong history in best sellers. Time series forecasting of air quality based on regional. Coronavirus lockdown air quality improves in over 90 cities. What are the best books about hong kong history and. Hong kong air pollution has become a critical problem in the city. Different countries have their own air quality indices, corresponding to different national air quality. Air quality aq has been slowly improving in hong kong hk across the last two decades hkepd, 2016a. For hong kong and taiwan, the respective environment agencies pm2.
Air quality objectives, also known as aqos, are hong kong environment protection plan of local air quality set out by the air pollution control ordinance cap. Today, policymakers and air quality managers rely on cuttingedge. Scheme of the research grants council of hong kong, grant no. With record volumes for containerized trade, economic activity generated by the portincluding its connection to 1 in 9 jobs in southern california and more than 3 million jobs nationwideis a bellwether for the health of the overall u.
Hong kong is approaching the record of being the darkest city in the world with the least amount of sunlight hours, just after edinburgh, scotland. Streetlevel concentrations of nitrogen dioxide no2 and particulate matter pm exceed public health standards in many cities, causing increased mortality and morbidity. Classics of hong kong culture and history christopher munn 4. Hong kong free press 2018, january 22 monday air pollution in hong kong five times worse than beijing. And in 1970, a milestone year, congress passed the clean air act amendments which led to the establishment of the nations air quality standards. Hong kong, a small coastal city in area in the pearl river delta, shares similar environmental problems as other metropolises arising from dense population and land use conflicts. States began passing legislation to reduce air pollution. Mar 29, 2020 1hr hong kong lawmakers clash as probeijing camp. Less than 15% of the approximately 1,000 km2 of land area in hong kong is inhabitable. It was officially a british colony until 1997, and hong kong became internationalized. A comparative study of air pollution trends in historical london. Air quality health index aqhi and air quality index aqi. Environmental issues in hong kong open textbooks for. Air pollutant levels in hong kong 2018, by area pm10 emissions from ships and boats building in the united kingdom uk 1990 to 2017 premature deaths due to pollutant air pollution in france 2012.
Sep 30, 2019 the hong kong police used a live round against a protester for the first time in months of protests, as beijing celebrated 70 years of communist party rule. Mar 31, 2016 the team scrutinized three years of air quality data for the measure known as pm 2. China air quality study has good news and bad news the new. Hong kong sar air quality index aqi and hong kong sar. As covid19 forces world to quarantine, air quality has. In this book, robert gottlieb and simon ng trace the global emergence of these.
Air quality index fresh air finds the nearest air pollutant station near you and displays the latest air quality index. Air pollution is a chronic problem in hong kong and one which the government seems unable or unwilling to get a handle on, instead they wag their fingers at. Air pollution may be associated with many kinds of cancer. The air quality data sources varies depending on the cities.
Since then, air hong kong has become the name of operator for express cargo. Environmental protection agency and calculates the air quality index based on air pollutant concentration data issued by hong kong environmenal protection department. The two are not the same thing, or else we do not need two different words, two different notions. Learn more about the fragrant harbours history and culture through different voices and stories, both real and imagined, by reading our literary picks, which include a wide range from classics to. Carroll concludes by exploring the legacies of colonial rule, the consequences of hong kong s reintegration with china, and significant developments and challenges since 1997. Association between air pollution and asthma admission. Tact rules is the definitive source for shipping and accepting air cargo, comprising of industry, country and carrier regulations. Britain also won the second opium war, forcing the qing empire to cede kowloon in 1860, while leasing the new territories for 99 years from 1898. Thus, the environmental quality of hong kong is very important. Air pollution in hong kong is considered a serious problem. South koreas air quality was the worst among its peers in the organisation for economic cooperation and development as of 2017, according to data from the group.
Pollution is a negative issue for many people who come to work in hong kong, and air quality has deteriorated in recent years. The potential impacts of air pollution on biodiversity in hong kong. Search the worlds most comprehensive index of fulltext books. Despite its small size and long history of massive human impacts, hong kong still. Hong kongs environmental problems and solutions hong kong is one of the top financial centers in the world. Once connected, air pollution levels are reported instantaneously and in realtime on our maps. National day demonstrations in hong kong turn violent the. A guide to the air pollution control fuel for vessels. Hong kong sar air quality index aqi is now moderate.
Short term air quality health risks hong kong university. There has been a noticeable change in ambient decline in air quality in hong kong since 1990s fig. The history of air scouting in hong kong began in 1967 when a jesuit priest, father cunningham, formed an air scout troop in the 11th kowloon scout group of kowloon wah yan college during the fiveyear expansion plan of the scout association of hong kong. Its affecting resident health, causing expats to abandon ship for singapore and often sinking the city into a haze of smog reminiscent of victorian london. But will continuing protests in hong kong lead to advances in democracy or crackdowns by beijing. Unique environment in printing plants printing is one of the biggest industries in hong kong. Concentration of harmful ozone gas, which is cause of the most serious health risk air quality days in the city, highest in pearl river delta region since 2011.
The hong kong university of science and technology and all its staff makes no warranty or representation with respect to the accuracy, completeness or usefulness of the information contained herein, and shall not have any legal liability including liability for negligence for any loss, damage, or injury which may result from the supply or. Colonial history has given hong kong an advantage on the quality internationalcuisine front. Concentrations can be reduced by controlling emissions, increasing dispersion, or increasing deposition rates, but little attention has been paid to the latter as a pollution control method. Read the air pollution in hong kong sar, hong kong sar with airvisual. The studys other lead author, thuan quoc thach, phd, a scientific officer at the school of public health at the university of hong kong, noted that pm 2. Every monitoring station in hong kong reported dangerously bad air. I plan to stay in hk for at least one week as it has a lot to offer. Net teacher survival guide wikibooks, open books for an.1373 1560 173 146 1287 930 292 1141 484 919 1243 1116 41 103 1414 1240 693 667 909 428 1348 271 1126 1317 1333 834 436 147 365 557