A list of all usgs water project publications is available here. Army corps of engineers 7701 telegraph road alexandria, virginia 223153868 prepared by theodore m. If afghanistan builds dams and undertakes other water projects that reduce the flow of water to its neighbors without first obtaining an agreement, in some extreme cases, mr. Government interagency water strategy for afghanistan and 2 four usaid water projects implemented since 2010 have met their goals and objectives. Sustainability of water supply at military installations. Establishment of irrigation associations ia consisting of irrigation water users. Afghanistan urban water sector project english the. The purpose of wsm varies across south asia depending on their national priorities. Water resources management wrm is the process of planning, developing, and managing water resources, in terms of both water quantity and quality, across all water uses. See our completed, ongoing and signature projects here. Echo extends dacaars emergency response mechanism erm project in afghanistan 28 jan 2020 afghanistan usaid.
Smart water management project international water. Water is a basic necessity for all lifeit must be safe and clean for use. The ta was based in the ministry of energy and waters offices in kabul and the. For the people of afghanistan, water that is safe and clean is especially hard to come by. Usgs projects in afghanistan produced a substantial number of publications, maps, and other documents. It is intended to provide a clear understanding of usaids approach to water programming. Taliban threat to water management projects in afghanistan. Most of the staff working on projects are funded by donors and leave once a project ends. Smart water management swm uses information and communication technology ict and realtime data and responses as an integral part of the solution for water management challenges. An integrated project on rural water management and opium poppy cultivation in the provinces of helmand, nangahrar, balkh and badakhshan. Department of defense in expanding the facilities of. Power outages in herat city, close to the iranian border, as a result of insufficient electricity produced in afghanistan. Afghan villagers learn sustainable irrigation practices through on.
Transboundary water resources in afghanistan 1st edition. Afghanistans woeful water management delights neighbors. Hofbauer policy and special studies division december 1998 revised iwr. War of words heats up between iran and afghanistan over. Developing irrigation associations for onfarm water management project background agriculture was badly affected by three decades of war and violence to the extent that the irrigated cropped area decreased by almost 70% and crop productivity plummeted, to less than 50% of the prewar levels. Afghanistan kabul water supply and sewerage project english abstract. The afghanistan research and evaluation unit areu is an independent research organization based in kabul, afghanistan. Transboundary water resources in afghanistan 1st edition elsevier. However, the management of natural resources can also in. Hdrs client, the air force civil engineer center, supported the u. As smart water management is an immerging field, we were delighted to receive such interest in the project and the swm task force from experts in a range of related water fields, with 22 applicants representing 12 countries from around the world, from both developing and more developed regions. Pdf water resource management in kabul river basin, eastern. Water management in countries in crisis afghanistan.
The proposed us strategy of securing water resources in afghanistan is to provide monetary and technical support in a topdown, biggovernment style. A decrease in water availability in the future and increase in the capacity of water storage accompanied by the development of new hydropower projects inside afghanistan would decrease the flow of. Water resource management, supply and sanitation zimbabwe report 7 7. These support a wide array of investments in such areas as education, health, public administration, infrastructure, financial and private sector development, agriculture, and environmental and natural resource management. The field of water resources management will have to continue to adapt to the current and future issues facing the allocation of water. Geological survey scientists have aided efforts to rebuild afghanistans capacity to monitor water resources, working largely with scientists in the afghanistan geological survey of the ministry of mines and petroleum as well as with scientists in the afghanistan ministry of energy. Of its 8m hectares of fertile land, afghanistan cultivates only 2m.
This timely book brings together diverse factual material on the physical. The ministry of water and energy is responsible for water resources management. Usaids waterexclusive projects in afghanistan 2003 through 2012 15 table 4. For official usgs publications, the type of publication is indicated in parentheses.
Water resources management, ta4716 afg commenced in november 2006, after a delay of 15 months due to problems with the recruitment of the consultant. This book provides a description of the basic topographic configuration of the kabul river tributary to the indus river, together. The association keeps a log book that has every farmers land details. Bechtel has completed more than 23,000 construction and engineering projects worldwide. The project aims to provide the greater kabul area with an increased supply of clean drinking water, the beginning of a sewerage system, and improved sanitation services in selected areas of kabul, to complement the sewerage system. Natural resource management and peacebuilding in afghanistan afghanistans precious natural resources its land, water, forests and mineral deposits are critical to the countrys prospects for a peaceful and prosperous future. Pdf river basin organisations in northern afghanistan. Afghanistan urban water sector project english abstract. Some countries india, nepal, and bhutan have accorded highmedium policy priority for the wsm programs, while in others pakistan, afghanistan, watershed interventions are limited to mountainous terrains, range. A decrease in water availability in the future and increase in the capacity of water storage accompanied by the development of new hydropower projects inside afghanistan would decrease the.
Developing irrigation associations for onfarm water. Projects the world bank provides lowinterest loans, zero to lowinterest credits, and grants to developing countries. Tackling the issue of poor water quality in afghanistan. Built by the onfarm water management project ofwmp, the canal.
Dam project promises water but also conflict for dusty. Sustainability of water supply at military installations, kabul basin, afghanistan. Onfarm water management project, ministry of agriculture, afghanistan. Kabul urban water supply program with an average of 15 liters of drinking water per person, per day, the current supply of water in kabul continues to be extremely limited. Obstacles and opportunities for idp return in afghanistan 31 dec 2019. Pilot projects ranged from rehabilitation of water infrastructure, introduction of waterefficient irrigation to the construction of a small hydropower plant in a remote area, creation of data bases and maps using. Afghan children prepare to collect water from a water pump in kabul march 22, 2010.
Water resources management in afghanistan is primarily irrigation water management because at present the annual water used for irrigation is about 99% of the all water used. Severe drinking water shortage affects all resident of the kabul river basin. Scientists with the usgs water project worked collaboratively with the afghanistan geological survey ags and the afghanistan ministry of energy and water mew to compile hydrogeologic data on afghanistan s water resources, and to develop datacollection networks necessary for the understanding and management of these. Pdf water resource management in kabul river basin. It includes the institutions, infrastructure, incentives, and information systems that. Kabul believes pakistan consumes water flowing from afghanistan into pakistan without contributing financially or institutionally to flow management and supply control. Scientists with the usgs water project worked collaboratively with the afghanistan geological survey ags and the afghanistan ministry of energy and water mew to compile hydrogeologic data on afghanistans water resources, and to develop datacollection networks necessary for the understanding and management of these. Fortunately, poor water quality in afghanistan is a problem that both a global organization and its afghan partners are working to resolve after more than a decade of armed conflict and neglect, afghanistan has a problem with. The objectives of the urban water sector project are to initiate actions to a transform the central authority for water supply and sewerage cawss into a technically viable operation.
To ensure food security and sustainable water management for agriculture, there is an urgent need to produce more crop per drop of water used in the agricultural sector and hence ensure that water use efficiency is increased without negative impacts on downstream water quantity and quality. Water resource management is the activity of planning, developing, distributing and managing the optimum use of water resources. Delegates visited the talwara solar powered irrigation project in punjab india. Two and a half decades of civil war in afghanistan it began in late 1978 have resulted in widespread environmental. Heavily dependent on seasonal rain and snowfall, afghanistans water resources have become unstable. Swm is becoming an area of increasing interest as governments from around the world integrate smart principles into their urban, regional and national strategies. This book provides an insight into the current water regulations and highlights the. Kabul has started building 12 dam projects on the kabul river, a move likely. Afghan villagers learn sustainable irrigation practices. Specifically, we assessed the extent to which 1 usaid met key objectives of the 2010 u. Water supply handbook a handbook on water supply planning and resource management institute for water resources water resources support center u. It is a subset of water cycle management water is essential for our survival. Once the water law had been passed, other projects similar to. One of afghanistans many untapped resources, water has real potential.
They are grouped here into categories for ease of reference. Everyone in the world knows about the war in afghanistan but few know about the water crisis going on in the country. Global water partnership, gwp, established in 1996, is an international network open to all organisations involved in water resources management. Water supply in afghanistan is characterized by a number of achievements and challenges. Afghanistan research and evaluation unit areu wikipedia. Afghanistan kabul water supply and sewerage project. Water is critical to the stability of afghanistan and is an essential part of u. Afghanistan was once a flourishing country with beautiful cities and plentiful food and water supplies, but decades of. The kabul basin, including the city of kabul, afghanistan, is host to several military installations of afghanistan, the united states, and other nations that depend on groundwater. The project aims to support onfarm water management investments in five regionskabul, baghlan, herat, nangarhar, and balkh provincescovering a total of 19,000 hectares. Transboundary water resources in afghanistan sciencedirect. Ratings for the urban water sector project for afghanistan were as follows.
Water resource development and irrigation are key to afghanistans. In most of the south asian countries, evolution of wsm had the beginnings during the 1980s. Currently, water sector in afghanistan has no clear vision for immediate and future development. Cerp waterrelated projects in afghanistan fiscal year 2006second quarter fiscal year 2010 18 table 5. Developments usaid water sector projects in afghanistan since fiscal year 2010. The pipedwater system operated by the afghanistan urban water supply and sewerage company auwssc covers the needs of less than 20 percent of the population. Afghanistan scoping strategic options for development of. Water management organisations have benefited from capacity building activities, and diverse pilot projects have been implemented. As things now stand, there appear to be overlapping responsibilities and lack.93 75 566 1589 1382 18 415 1014 504 36 1418 315 663 352 664 1054 42 1244 941 1094 256 1505 507 954 698 1389 996 1357 686 373 259 1066 1434 815 655 323 501 1075 817 79 207